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Decorator's Color Wheel


In the center are the primary colors - Red, Yellow, and Blue. From these, all others are made.

In the inner ring are secondary colors - orange, green, violet/purple, made by mixing equal amounts of primary colors. Mix red and yellow for orange, mix red and blue for violet/purple, and mix blue and yellow for green.

In the outer ring are the tertiary colors - achieved by mixing varying amounts of one primary color with the adjacent primary. For example, mix a large amount of red with a small amount of blue and you will get a red-violet color. Do the opposite for blue-violet. Increase or decrease amounts form many hues in between.

TIPS: 

  • To lighten any color, simply add a small amount of white icing. To darken, add a small amount of the specified darker color you are using.
  • For pastels, add 2 parts white icing to 1 part of any colored icing.
  • For purple icing using buttercream, the icing may have a blue cast to it if you don't use milk when making your buttercream icing.
  • For red icing, you must stop 2 shades light or it may be too dark.
  • For vivid colors, use food coloring that has the word "Super" in front.
  • Color your icing a day before you need to use it, cover and let sit. Colors will darken overnight.
  • For black icing, use the three primary colors; red, blue and yellow. Equal parts of these three colors will make black. You may need to use more red, unless using a super red, or Baker's Preferred brand.
  • Powdered colors are not very strong nor have a lot of color pigment, however they are great for coloring any sugar or coconut. Just add and shake!
  • When coloring royal icing, powdered coloring is recommended. It won't break down the icing.
  • Moss or Avocado greens make a more realistic leaf color. Leaf green is food for a more Christmas green.
  • Green: If it is too 'yellow', add more blue.
  • Liquid paste and liquid gels are faster and easier to mix with icing. They are great for leaves since the icing usually needs thinned some. If you are using this for red, purple, etc, where you need a deeper color, you may need to also add more confectionery sugar to re-thicken your icing.
  • To achieve true pastels, mix coloring with just a small amount of icing and add only the amount needed for the pastel color you are trying to get.
  • Need a lot of black colored icing? First make chocolate icing by adding powdered cocoa, then add black food coloring to make it black, or almost black. Use 'Super Black' coloring so you use less coloring.

From CHEFMASTER® PRODUCTS Food Coloring Manufacture

Apricot - 2 parts Orange & 1 part Egg Yellow

Maroon - 4 parts Red Red & 2 parts Burgundy

Raspberry - 3 parts Bakers Rose & 1 part Christmas Red

Aqua - 5 parts Sky Blue & 1 part Leaf Green

Ivory - 1 Liquid Whitener & a touch of Brown and Egg Yellow

Ruby Red - 1 part Holiday Red and a touch of Black

Avocado - 4 parts Lemon Yellow & 1 part Leaf Green and a touch of Black

Jade - 1 Leaf Green & 1 Royal Blue & a touch of Black

Rust - 8 parts orange & 2 parts Red Red & 1 part brown

Burgundy - 5 parts Bakers Rose & 1 part Violet

Lavender - 5 parts pink & 1 part Violet

Sea Gold- 2 parts Sky Blue & 1 part Leaf Green

Chartreuse - 2 parts Lemon Yellow & 1 Leaf Green

Marigold - 3 parts Lemon Yellow & 1 part orange

Silver - 1 part Black and 1 part Blue

Copper - 1 part Egg Yellow & 1 part Brown & 1 Christmas Red

Melon - 1 part Orange & 3 parts Bakers Rose

Skin tone - 12 parts orange & 4 parts Bakers Rose & 1 part Royal Blue

Coral - 3 parts Rose Pink & 2 parts Lemon Yellow

Moss Green - 2 parts Violet & 3 parts Lemon Yellow

Teal - 9 parts Sky Blue & 1/2 part Lemon Yellow

Dusty Rose - 2 parts Christmas Red & 1 part Malt Brown

Navy Blue - 1 part Sky Blue & 1 part Violet

Turquoise - 6 parts Sky Blue & 1 part Lemon Yellow

Gold - 10 parts Lemon Yellow & 3 parts Orange & 1 part Christmas Red

Persimmon - 1 part Orange & 1 part Bakers Rose

Wine - 3 parts Holiday Red & 2 parts Rose Pink

Plum - 1 part Violet & a touch of Christmas Red

Grape - 1 part Sky Blue & 6 parts Bakers Rose

Misty Green - 2parts Leaf Green & 1 part of Royal Blue & a touch of Black


Note: Blend the colors before adding them to the icing. Add the blended color to the icing to get the shade desired.


OTHER IDEAS:

  • Antique Gold - Add just an extremely small touch of Leaf Green to Lemon Yellow 
  • Aqua - 5 parts Sky Blue and 1 part Leaf Green 
  • Avocado - Use Moss Green paste 
  • Blue Lavender - Mix a small amount of Violet with white icing 
  • Burgundy or Wine - Mix 3 small parts Blue and 1 part Red-Red. (This is very difficult color to mix) 
  • Chartreuse - 9 parts Lemon Yellow & 1 part Leaf Green 
  • Coral - pale Watermelon makes a very attractive Coral color 
  • Flesh - Red and Green in white buttercream 
  • Gray - Add just a touch of Black to white icing 
  • Lavender - 6 parts pink & 1 part Violet 
  • Navy Blue - Mix in a large amount of Royal Blue until a deep Blue is achieved. Add a very small amount of Black. 
  • Peach - Mix equal parts of Lemon Yellow and Pink 
  • Pink Lavender - Mix a small amount of Blue color with Pink colored icing. 
  • Raspberry - Mix equal parts of Pink and Red-Red. Use enough color to get a rather deep effect. 
  • Rust - Mix enough Orange until a bright Orange is obtained. Add Christmas Red until color is dark. Add a very small amount of Royal Blue. 
  • Silver - We do not advise attempting to simulate Silver color in icing, its just gray. Instead add silver leaves or other silver accessories to the cake. To make silver, you usually need actual silver, which is not FDA approved for food.
  • Turquoise - 9-1/2 parts Sky Blue & ½ part Lemon Yellow 
  • Warm Gold - Add just a touch of Red Red to Lemon Yellow


Using our Buttercream Icing already colored


  • Aqua - 1 scoop of Leaf Green and 3 scoops of Blue 
  • Dusty Rose - 4 scoops of Reddi Red and 1 scoop of Blue 
  • Lavender - 2 scoops of Pink and 1 scoop of Blue 
  • Lilac - 1/2 scoop of Reddi Red and 3 scoops of Pink and 2 scoops of Blue 
  • LimeGreen - 1 scoop of Leaf Green and 3 scoops of Yellow 
  • Mint - 1 scoop of Leaf Green and 1 scoop of Yellow and 2 scoops of Blue 
  • Orange Pastel - 3 scoops of Pink and 2 scoops of Yellow 
  • Peach - 2 scoops of Pink and 1 scoop of Yellow 
  • Pistachio - 4 scoops of Leaf Green and 1 scoop of Yellow 
  • Salmon - 1 scoop of Reddi Red and 6 scoops of Yellow 
  • Sea Green - 1 scoop of Yellow and 1 scoop of Blue 
  • Turquoise - 1 scoop of Leaf Green and 4 scoops of Blue 
    Ameri Mist Blending Hints: 
  • Apricot - 1 part orange & a touch of peach 
  • Grape - 8 parts burgundy & 3 parts royal blue 
  • Juniper Green - 1 part forest green & 1 part orange 
  • Lavender - 2 parts deep pink & 1 pt violet 
  • Maroon - 1 part burgundy, 1 part super red & touch of royal blue 
  • Plum - 3 parts violet & 1 part christmas red 
  • Sea Foam Green - 2 parts forest green & 1 part ivory 
  • Avocado - 6 parts ivory & touch of sky blue 
  • Gold - 4 parts egg yellow & 1 part chocolate brown 
  • Khaki (Olive Green) - 3 parts lemon yellow, 2 parts violet & touch of mint green 
  • Moss Green - 1 part leaf green & 1 part orange 
  • Purple - 1 part violet & 1 part deep pink 
  • Silver - 1 part super black, 1 part royal blue & 1 part bright white 
  • Flesh tone - 2 parts bright white & 1 part peach 
  • Jade - 2 parts forest green & 1 part leaf green 
  • Lion Color - 5 parts egg yellow & 1 part chocolate brown 
  • Navy Blue - 5 parts royal blue, 2 parts super black & 2 parts violet 
  • Raspberry - 6 parts Deep Pink, 1 part super red & touch of violet 
  • Tan - 5 parts egg yellow & 3 parts chocolate brown.
    Remember if you want a deeper shade, use more color. If you want a lighter shade, use less color. Always mix your colors at least an hour in advance because they deepen with time. Colors will vary depending on what type of icing or whipped topping you use. It is suggested that you practice in a small amount of icing before using a whole batch. These blends were created specifically for Ameri Color Soft gel paste and Ameri Mist Airbrush colors.
    Frosting Color Chart 
  • Apricot
  • 2 Orange + 1 Golden Yellow
  • Aqua
  • 5 Sky Blue + 1 Leaf Green
  • Avocado
  • 4 Lemon Yellow + 1 Leaf Green + touch of black
  • Burgundy
  • 5 Rose Pink + 1 Violet
  • Chartreuse
  • 5 Lemon Yellow + 1 Leaf Green
  • Rust
  • 8 Orange + 2 Red + 1 Brown
  • Copper
  • 1 Golden Yellow + 1 Brown + 1 Xmas-Red
  • Hunter Green
  • Kelly Green + small amount of black
  • Coral
  • 3 Rose Pink + 2 Lemon Yellow
  • Lavender
  • 5 Pink + 1 Violet
  • Black
  • Mix left over color icing together, then add black skin tone - Use a small amount of copper
  • Silver (Gray)
  • 1 Black + 1 Blue
  • Turquoise
  • 6 Sky Blue + 1 Lemon Yellow
  • Teal
  • 9 Sky Blue + small amount of Lemon Yellow
  • Dusty Rose
  • 5 Rose Pink + 1 Violet
  • Mauve
  • 5 Rose Pink + 2 Orange + 2 Red + 2 Black
  • Plum
  • 1 Violet + a touch of Christmas Red
  • Gold
  • 10 Lemon Yellow + 3 Orange + 1 Red
  • Maroon
  • 4 Red Red + 2 Burgundy
  • Ivory
  • Use ivory paste
  • Moss Green
  • 2 Violet + 3 Lemon Yellow
  • Navy Blue
  • 1 Sky Blue + 1 Violet
  • Grape
  • 1 Sky Blue + 6 Rose Pink
  • Raspberry
  • 3 Rose Pink + 1 Christmas Red
  • Ruby Red
  • 1 Red Red + 1 touch black